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What Do You Know About Tiger Sharks?

Tiger Shark

By Albert kok - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,

The Tiger Shark is among the world’s biggest sharks. Tiger sharks may be found in many tropical and temperate areas of the world’s seas, but they’re particularly abundant around islands inside the central Pacific. The genus ‘Galeocerdo’ has just one member.

1. Diet

The Tiger shark is an alone predator that prefers to prey at night. It gets its name from the black stripes that run along its body. Tiger sharks are deadly predators that devour a broad variety of food. Fish, birds, seals, smaller sharks, squid, and turtles are among its favorite foods. It has been discovered with man-made trash in its digestive system, like license plates and bits of old tires. In Hawaii, the Tiger shark is known for attacking swimmers, divers, and surfers and is dubbed the “bane of Hawaiian surfers” and “wastebasket of the sea.”

2. Behavior

Although the Tiger shark is mainly migratory (traveling from one area to another rather than establishing down in one), it is driven by warmer currents, staying closer to the equator during the winter months. The Tiger shark prefers deep waters near reefs, although it may go into channels to hunt for food in shallower areas. The Tiger shark has a reputation for being violent. The shark’s ability to detect low-frequency pressure waves allows it to approach an animal with confidence, in even murky water in which it is often seen. The Tiger shark is renowned for circling its victim and poking it with its nose to examine it. When the shark attacks, it consumes all its prey. The Tiger shark, including the Great White, Bull Shark, and Oceanic Whitetip Shark, is regarded as one of the sharks most deadly to people, second to only the Great White Shark in terms of documented human deaths. The man-eater shark is a common nickname for it.

3. Reproduction

Both the female and males Tiger Sharks achieve sexual maturity at various times. Males attain maturity at 2.26 meters, while females reach maturity at 2.5 meters (8 feet) and 3.25 meters (11 feet). The Tiger shark is thought to be capable of swimming at a top speed of 32 kilometers per hour, with brief bursts of greater speeds lasting just a few seconds.

The Tiger shark uses internal fertilization to reproduce. It is the only ovoviviparous species in its family, meaning it gave rise to living offspring like mammals. Mating occurs in the northern hemisphere during March or May, with the young born in April and June the following year. Mating occurs in the southern hemisphere in November, December, or early January.

4. Hunting

They are superb scavengers with keen vision and olfactory abilities, and an almost unlimited diet. They have strong jaws and keen, highly serrated teeth to shatter back shells of sea turtles & clams. Stingrays, seals, sea snakes, birds, squids, or even license plates & old tires have been found in the stomachs of caught tiger sharks.


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