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Nine things you don’t know about seahorses


Seahorses have long been a popular attraction in public aquariums, but they remain mysterious. They are a fish with a difference in that they swim in an upright, vertical position. They have flexible necks and long, tubular snouts that point downward, giving them the appearance of a horse’s head. Their lower bodies form a flexible, prehensile tail, which is square in outline and can wrap around objects. There are at least 47 known species, all belonging to the genus Hippocampus, a Greek term that means “horse sea monster”. So what else should we know about this creature?

Seahorses are notoriously poor swimmers

Seahorses do not have the typical pelvic, anal and caudal fins that provide thrust, lift and steering on most fishes. Instead, they propel themselves by fluttering their small dorsal fin at about 35 beats per second. Steering is accomplished using even smaller pectoral fins on the sides of their head. These pectoral fin